Nature lover or not, everyone should contemplate adding a tree to their home’s outdoor space. We could go on and on about the environmental benefits of trees, but beyond their natural effect, trees can be a central part of your landscape design. Over the years, any tree – pine, oak, apple, maple, cherry – will grow along with your family. When you do decide to plant a tree on your property, it’s important that you choose the right location for your tree.
Why Tree Location Matters
When you’re planting a little seedling, location might not seem to matter much. Whether it’s in a corner near a fence or in the centre of your yard, does it matter? You need to think about the future size of the tree, sunlight requirements, soil requirements, and proximity to impediments like the driveway or fence. There are also safety considerations if tree roots will affect water lines or branches will grow to obstruct power lines. Location absolutely matters. In terms of sunlight and soil conditions, this will vary based on the tree species. Talk to an expert at Ritchie Feed & Seed to discuss the right location on your property.
Step 1: Dig Your Planting Hole
It is important that the hole is the right size for the root ball – it shouldn’t be too big or too small. How do you know the right size? As a general rule, dig deeper than the depth of the container you buy the tree in. The hole should also be 3” wider than the width of the container (which you’ll remove later). Keep the soil that you dig, because you’ll reincorporate this with fresh soil later.
Step 2: Preparing the Root Ball
Remove excess packing materials around the base of the tree. Remove the pot. If necessary, gently loosen the tree roots if they’re tightly bunched together to keep your tree grow in solidly.
Step 3: Time to Fertilize
Add transplant fertilizer or bone meal fertilizer to the planting hole. MYKE for shrubs and trees is added now. To help promote better root growth, ask us at Ritchie for more ifnromation about MYKE. Set your tree in the centre of the hole. Orient the tree so that the most “attractive” side of the tree faces where it will be seen most as it grows over the years.
Step 4: Fill the Hole
Back-fill the hole with high-quality fresh planting soil from your local Ritchie Feed & Seed garden centre, mixed with soil from the planting hole. Tamp the soil and water well.
Step 5: Continual Care
Water the tree deeply on a weekly basis until the fall. Consider installing a stake to keep the tree stable in rough weather. You won’t need to fertilize again during the first 12 months, but regular watering is very important.
If you have any further questions about planting a tree in your outdoor space or would like to visit our garden centre to pick out a tree for purchase, Ritchie Feed & Seed is here to help. We offer more than 100 varieties of trees for planting, including ornamental trees and fruit trees.
Gardening is one of the world’s most rewarding hobbies, and all it takes to get started is soil, water, seeds, and sunlight. Gardening is a wonderful hobby for people of all ages. Children can learn about nature and science and take a sense of ownership from each plant they help nurture. For adults, it can be a great way to blow off steam. For seniors, gardening is the perfect activity to keep the mind and body healthy. Let’s explore the many benefits of home gardening.
Grow Your Own Veggies
Grow lettuce, cucumbers, and tomatoes for an easy spring salad whenever you choose. Grow cilantro for taco night, fresh oregano and basil to make a delicious homemade pasta sauce, and garnish any dish with parsley. Save money, eat healthier, and enjoy peace of mind as you grow healthy, filling, organic fruit, vegetables, and herbs.
Nature Has Never Been Closer
In our lives of hustle and bustle, we spend our days moving from screen to screen. The closest we get to nature is on the walk from the front door to the car. If you wished you could get closer to nature, now is your chance. Gardening is a way to get elbows deep in nature, and you can enjoy a more beautiful landscaped view once the hard work is done.
It Gets Easier
Once the hard part is done, the rest is just watering and mowing. If you are a nature lover and the greenery has magnetic attraction towards you, you’ll notice that gardening calms your nerves. Once you are finished gardening you can pull up a lawn chair and a good book or beer and enjoy the beautiful atmosphere you have created.
Exercise Without the Gym
You can burn fat, tone your legs and strengthen your muscles all the while doing something you love. It’s a lot easier than driving to the gym and a lot more affordable than investing in a treadmill you never use.
Gardening is a rewarding challenge. You’re going to have to learn all about soil types, watering requirements, sunlight conditions, and much more. You’re going to be excited for rain and anxious about pests and weeds. You’re going to feel pride when you see your first tulip bloom, frustration when you get a grub infestation, triumph when you nurse limp hydrangeas back to life, and sadness when rabbits get to your carrots before you do. Through it all, you’ll learn and improve as a gardener and enjoy a sense of pride and accomplishment along the way.
It Makes Your Heart Sing
When the first of the seedlings pop out, it is a milestone moment. Something like watching your baby grow. We all like it when our hard work pays off and this is a great way to let go of the stress and occupy yourself with something more productive.
For all your gardening needs, Ritchie Feed & Seed is on your side. With convenient locations in Ottawa, Stittsville, Richmond, Brockville, and Winchester, we have been serving gardeners just like you since the 1930s!
Building a pond
Water gardening has become one of the newest and fastest growing trends in garden design in the past 5 years. read more →
Why do I need a design?
If you think about your garden as a trip, your design itself is the map on how to get there. Without a map you are liable to end getting lost, or somewhere you didn’t want to be. read more →
Starting seeds indoors is an inexpensive way to raise an assortment of bedding plants and vegetables. It is also an activity that children enjoy as well. read more →
Preparing the soil for a new crop
- Turn over the soil to a depth of 10-15cm.
- Add soil amendments such as black earth and topsoil.
- Rake well and level the soil, creating a gradual slope away from the house to prevent drainage problems.
- Roll the area to firm up the soil. Water the soil afterwards to settle the soil.
Starting Bulbs & Seeds Indoors
Why are we starting seeds indoors?
There are many reasons why are starting seeds indoors. Some people are looking for varieties that they cannot find otherwise. Some people like to get a head start on the season and be involved in growing as early as possible. Another reason for starting your own plants indoors is to save some money when you have a large amount of plants to grow. Yet another reason to start your own plants indoors is to ensure how they are gown, and what products are used on them.
What are the differences between seeds, cuttings, bulbs, and bareroot perennials?
Seeds come from the plants after they flowers. Seeds can vary in many ways, from being extremely small to very large, thick skinned or thin skinned and a wide variety of shapes and colours. Cuttings are made from a mother plant and then planted in growing medium. These cuttings or slips will then grow roots and product a new plant. Bulbs are basically food storage containers for plants. This means that everything needed to get the plant to grow is stored in the bulb itself. Bareroot perennials are root masses that are stored in peat moss after being split and prepared by the nursery. Unlike bulbs, they do not have any food stored in them and will need to be fertilized just like seedlings and cuttings.
What soil should I use when I start seeds and bulbs indoors?
Ideally the soil used indoors should be weed, insect and fungus free. A sterilized soil is not available for sale, however, a soil less mix does offer the same benefits as well as a few others. “Pro-Mix” is a mixture of peat moss, vermiculite, perlite, and nutrients. This is an excellent choice when starting seeds indoors as it is light and less susceptible to the problems often associated with regular soil.
What is damping off?
Damping off is a disease that strikes seedlings during their very early development. Characterized by a spindly stem that blackens at the point of contact with the soil, damping off will cause the seedlings to break and die. This can wipe out an entire seeding tray in a day or less. This disease is usually caused by excess moisture and poor ventilation. In order to prevent this disease you should ensure that the seeding trays are not too overcrowded, which helps to allow for better ventilation, and also ensure the medium is not over-watered. There is a no treatment for this disease.
Should I use fertilizer when I am starting seeds indoors?
After the seedlings have reached a 3 leaf stage you can use a transplanter/starting fertilizer at half the recommended rate of dilution. When you are growing bare root perennials you may use the transplanter as soon as you plant the roots.
Why do my plants get spindly and thin when I grow them indoors?
When plants do not have enough light they grow tall and spindly searching for light. It is important to use a light unit that will give a full spectrum of light to the seedlings to allow them to develop normally.
How do I deal with white fungus on my soil?
It is not uncommon to get powdery mildew on your soil when you have high humidity as well as poor ventilation. In order to prevent this problem, maintain plant trays that are thinned properly allowing for better air flow. In addition to this, do not over water, it is bad for the plant as well as bad for the soil.
What is the difference between scarifying and stratification?
Some seeds have very specific requirements in order to get them to germinate. Scarifying is the act of softening the outer shell of the seed through scratching or cutting the seed. Stratification is the act of pre chilling or heating seeds before planting them. Most plants that have special requirements to germinate their seeds will list these requirements on the back of the seed package. For those who like to collect and trade seeds with others, a book such as “From Seed To Bloom” would be very helpful in determining the seeds needs.
Why should I not use water directly from the tap when I water seedlings?
Water from the tap is cold, very cold in fact, and will chill the seedling every time you water them. The best thing to do is to have tepid water available for when you are watering your seeding trays and potted perennials and bulbs. When it comes to seeding trays, ideally you should immerse the tray in another tray filled with tepid water, then let the seeding tray stand to drain. This is better than watering from the top, and diminishes over watering.
Plants toxic to cats
|Botanical name||Symptoms||Common names|
|Abrus precatorius||Severe vomiting and diarrhea (sometimes bloody), tremors, high heart rate, fever, shock, and death. Seeds are highly toxic.||Buddhist Rosary Bead, Indian Bead, Indian Licorice, Love Bean, Lucky Bean, Prayer Bean, Precatory Bean, Rosary Pea, Seminole Bead, Weather Plant|
|Achillea millefolium||Vomiting, diarrhea, increased urination, dermatitis||Dog Daisy, Dog Fennel, Milfoil, Yarrow|
|Adenium obesum||Vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, depression, irregular hearthbeat, death||Desert Azalea, Desert Rose, Impala Lily, Kudu Lily, Mock Azalea, Sabi Star|
|Aesculus spp.||Severe vomiting and diarrhea, depression or excitement, dilated pupils, convulstions, incoordination, coma||Buckeye, Horse Chestnut|
|Aglaonema modestrum||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Chinese Evergreen|
|Allium ampeloprasum||Vomiting, anemia, weakness, blood in urine, high heart rate, panting||Leek|
|Allium cepa||Vomiting, anemia, weakness, blood in urine, high heart rate, panting||Onion|
|Allium sativum||Vomiting, anemia, weakness, blood in urine, high heart rate, panting||Garlic|
|Alocassia spp.||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Elephant’s Ear|
|Aloe barbadensis||Vomiting, red urine||Barbados Aloe, Medecine Plant, True Aloe|
|Aloe vera||Vomiting, depression, diarrhea, anorexia, tremors, change in urine colour||Aloe|
|Amaryllis belladonna, sp.||Vomiting, depression, diarrhea, abdominal pains, hypersalivation, anorexia, tremors||Amaryllis, Belladonna Lily, Cape Belladonna, Naked Lady, Saint Joseph Lily|
|Ambrosia mexicana||Vomiting, anorexia, depression||Chonopodium botrys, Feather Geranium, Jerusalem Oak|
|Ammi majus||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Bishop’s Weed, False Queen Anne’s Lace, Greater Ammi|
|Anthemis cotula||Contact dermititis, vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia. Long term exposure can lead to bleeding tendencies.||Mayweed, Poison Daisy, Stinking Chamomile|
|Anthemis nobilis||Contact dermititis, vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia. Long term exposure can lead to bleeding tendencies.||Barnyard daisy, Chamomile, Corn Feverfew, Garden Chamomile, Ground-Apple, Manzanilla, Roman Chamomile, True Chamomile, Turkey-weed|
|Anthurium scherzeranum||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Flamingo Flower, Flamingo Lily, Oilcloth Flower, Painter’s Pallet, Pigtail Plant|
|Apocynum androsaemifolium||Diarrhea (sometimes bloody), slow heart rate, weakness.||Bitter Root, Dogbane Hemp, Indian Hemp|
|Aralia spinosa||Skin irritation, Oral irritation, hypersalivation, vomiting, diarrhea||Angelica Tree, Devil’s Walking Stick, Hercules’ Club, Prickly Ash, Prickly Elder|
|Arisaema triphyllum||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Devil’s Dear, Dragon Root, Jack-in-the-pulpit, Memory Root, Pepper Turnip, Starch Root, Three-leaved Indian Turnip, Wild Turnip|
|Arum maculatum||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Adam-and-Eve, Arum, Bobbins, Cuckoo Plant, Lord-and-Ladies, Starch Root, Wake Robin|
|Arum palestinum||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Black Calla, Soloman’s Lily, Wild Arum, Wild Calla|
|Asclepsia sp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, weakness, profound depression, difficulty breathing, dilated pupils, weak rapid pulse, seizures, kidney or liver failure, respitory paralysis, coma, death||Butterfly Weed, Milkweed|
|Asparagus densiflorus cv sprengeri||Allergic dermititis with repeated exposure. Diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain (berries).||Asparagus setaceus, Emerald Feather, Emerald Fern, Lace Fern, Plumosa Fern, Racemose Asparagus, Shatavari, Sprengeri Fern|
|Auraucaria heterophylla||Vomiting, depression||Australian Pine, House Pine, Norfolk Pine|
|Begonia spp.||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing. Tubers are the most toxic.||Begonia|
|Brassaia actinophylla||Mild vomiting and diarrhea||Australian Ivy Palm, Octopus Tree, Schefflera, Starleaf, Umbrella Tree|
|Brunfelsia sp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, tremors, seizures, hypersalivation, lethargy, incoordination, coughing||Brunfelsia, Fransiscan Rain Tree, Kiss-Me-Quick, Lady-of-the-Night, Paraguayan Jasmine, Yesterday-Today-Tomorrow|
|Buxus sp.||Vomiting, diarrhea||Boxwood|
|Caesalpinia pulcherrima||Vomiting, diarrhea||Barbados Pride, Dwarf Poinciana, Peacock Flower|
|Caladium hortulanum||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Angel-Wings, Caladium, Candidum, Elephant’s Ear, Exposition, Fancy-leaved Caladium, Malanga, Mother-in-Law Plant, Pink Cloud, Seagull, Stoplight, Texas Wonder|
|Cannabis sativa||Vomiting, prolonged depression, incoordination, hypersalivation, sleepyness or excitation, dilated pupils, low blood pressure, low body temperature, seizures, coma, and death (rare).||Hashish, Indian Hemp, Marijuana|
|Catharanthus roseus||Vomiting, diarrhea, low blood pressure, depression, tremors, seizures, coma, death||Cape Periwinkle, Madagascar Periwinkle, Periwinkle, Rose Periwinkle, Running Myrthle, Vinca, Vinca rosea|
|Celastrus scandens||Weakness, convulsions, vomiting, diarrhea||American Bittersweet, Climbing Bittersweet, False Bittersweet, Shrubby Bittersweet, Waxwork|
|Chenopodium botrys||Vomiting, anorexia, depression||Ambrosia mexicana, Feather Geranium, Jerusalem Oak|
|Chrysanthemum sp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, hypersalivation, incoordination, dermatitis||Chrysanthemum, Daisy, Mum|
|Cicuta maculata, sp.||Diarrhea, seizures, tremors, extreme abdominal pain, dilated pupils, fever, bloating, respiratory depression, death||Cowbane, Poison Parsnip, Water Hemlock|
|Citrus aurantifolia||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, potential photosensitivity.||Lime|
|Citrus aurantium||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, potential photosensitivity.||Bergamot, Bergamot Orange, Citrus bergamia|
|Citrus limonia||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, potential photosensitivity.||Lemon|
|Citrus mitis||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, potential photosensitivity.||Calamondin Orange|
|Citrus paradisii||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, potential photosensitivity.||Grapefruit|
|Citrus sinensis||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, potential photosensitivity.||Orange|
|Clematis sp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, salivation||Clematis, Leatherflower, Virgin’s Bower|
|Clivia minata, sp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, salivation, convulstions, low blood pressure, tremors, cardiac arrhythmia. Bulbs are the most poisonous.||Caffre Lily, Caple Clivia, Clivia Lily, Clivia nobilis, Clivies, Kaffir Lily, Klivia|
|Colchicum autumnale||Oral irritation, bloody vomiting, diarrhea, shock, multi-organ damage, bone marrow suppression||Autumn Crocus, Meadow Saffron|
|Coleus ampoinicus||Vomiting (sometimes with blood), diarrhea (sometimes with blood), depression, anorexia||Bread and Butter Plant, Coleus, East Indian Thyme, Indian Borage, Maratha, Militini, Spanish Thyme|
|Colocasia esculenta||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Caladium, Elephant’s Ear, Malanga, Taro|
|Conium maculatum||Central nervous system excitation, muscle tremors, incoordination, excessive salivation, frequent bowel movements and urination, abdominal pains, increased respitory rate, weakness progressing to muscular paralysis, and possible death due to respitory paralysis. Toxicity varies based on plant maturity and environmental conditions; Dry plant material non-toxic.||California Fern, Deadly Hemlock, Nebraska Fern, Poison Hemlock, Poison Parsley, Spotted Hemlock, Winter Fern|
|Convallaria majalis||Vomiting, irregular heartbeat, low blood pressure, disorientation, seizures, coma||Lily of the Valley|
|Cordyline australis||Vomiting (sometimes with blood), depression, anorexia, hypersalivation, dilated pupils||Giant Dracaena, Grass Palm, Palm Lily|
|Cordyline terminalis||Vomiting (sometimes with blood), depression, anorexia, hypersalivation, dilated pupils||Baby Doll Ti Plant, Good-Luck Plant, Hawaiian Ti Plant, Ti Plant|
|Crassula arborescens||Nausea, retching||Chinese Jade, Silver Jade Plant, Silver Dollar|
|Crassula argentea||Vomiting, depression||Baby Jade, Chinese Rubber Plant, Dwarf Rubber Plant, Jade Plant, Jade Tree, Japanese Rubber Plant|
|Cycas revoluta, sp.||Vomiting (sometimes with blood), bloody diarrhea, dark stools, jaundice, increased thirst, bruising, liver failure, and death. Seeds are the most toxic. Consumption of 1-2 seeds is enough to cause death.||Cycads, Fern Palm, Sago Palm|
|Cyclamen spp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, salivation. Ingestion of large amounts can cause heart rhythm abnormalities, seizures, and death. Tubers are the most toxic.||Cyclamen, Sowbread|
|Dahlia sp.||Mild gastrointestinal discomfort, mild dermatitis||Dahlia|
|Delphinium sp.||Constipation, colic, salivation, muscle tremors, stiffness, weakness, recumbency, convulsions, possible death from cardiac failure and/or respitory paralysis||Delphinium, Larkspur|
|Dianthus caryophyllus||Mild gastrointestinal discomfort, mild dermatitis||Carnation, Pinks, Sweet William, Wild Carnation|
|Dieffenbachia amoena, sp.||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Charming Dieffenbachia, Dieffenbachia, Dumbcane, Exotica, Exotica Perfection, Giant Dumb Cane, Spotted Dumb Cane, Tropic Snow|
|Dieffenbachia picta||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Gold Dieffenbachia, Variable Dieffenbachia|
|Digitalis purpurea||Vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, cardiac arrhythmias, cardiac failure, death||Foxglove|
|Dracaena deremensis||Vomiting, depression, inappetence, drooling, incoordination, weakness, dilated pupils, difficulty breathing, abdominal pain, increased heartrated||Janet Craig Plant, Striped Dracaena, Warneckii|
|Dracaena fragrans, spp.||Vomiting (occasionally with blood), depression, anorexia, hypersalivation, dilated pupils||Corn Plant, Cornstalk Plant, Dracaena, Dragon Tree, Ribbon Plant|
|Dracaena marginata||Vomiting (occasionally with blood), depression, anorexia, hypersalivation, dilated pupils||Madagascar Dragon Tree, Red-Marginated Dracaena|
|Dracaena surculosa||Vomiting, depression, inappetence, drooling, incoordination, weakness, dilated pupils, difficulty breathing, abdominal pain, increased heartrated||Florida Beauty, Gold Dust Dracaena, Spotted Dracaena|
|Eichhornia crassipes||Vomiting, anorexia||Water Hyacinth|
|Epipremnum aureum||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Devil’s Ivy, Golden Pothos, Ivy Arum, Marble Queen, Pothos, Taro Vine|
|Erigeron speciosus||Mild vomiting, diarrhea||Fleabane, Horseweed, Seaside Daisy, Showy Daisy|
|Erysemum cheiranthoides||Digestive tract irritation||Wormseed Mustard|
|Eucalyptus spp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, salivation, depression, weakness||Eucalyptus|
|Euonymus atropurpurea||Vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, weakness. Large doses can cause heart rhythm abnormalities.||Burning Bush, Euonymus occidentalis, European Spindle Tree, Spindle Tree, Wahoo|
|Euphorbia milii||Oral and abdominal irritation, occasionnally causes vomiting. Low toxicity.||Crown of Thorns, Pencil Cactus|
|Euphorbia pulcherrima||Oral and abdominal irritation, occasionnally causes vomiting. Low toxicity.||Poinsettia|
|Fagopyrum spp.||Photosensitization developing into dermal inflamation and ulcers||Buckwheat|
|Ficus benjamina||Oral irritation, vomiting, salivation, contact dermatitis||Fig, Indian Rubber Plant, Weeping Fig|
|Gardenia jasminoides||Mild vomiting, mild diarrhea, hives||Cape Jasmine, Gardenia|
|Gladiolus sp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, salivation, and lethargy. Bulbs (corms) are the most toxic.||Gladiola|
|Gloriosa superba||Bloody vomiting, bloody diarrhea, salivation, liver damage, bone marrow suppression, shock, kidney failure, death||Climbing Lily, Gloriosa Lily, Glory Lily, Superb Lily|
|Gypsophila elegans||Vomiting, diarrhea||Baby’s Breath, Maidens Breath|
|Hedera helix||Vomiting, abdominal pain, hypersalivation, and diarrhea. Foliage is more toxic than berries.||Branching Ivy, California Ivy, English Ivy, Glacier Ivy, Needlepoint Ivy, Sweetheart Ivy|
|Helleborus niger||Drooling, abdominal pain, diarrhea, colic, depression||Christmas Rose, Easter Rose, Lenten Rose, Hellebore|
|Hemerocallis graminea, minor||Vomiting, inapetence, lethargy, kidney failure, death||Dwarf Daylily, Orange Daylily, Yellow Daylily|
|Hemerocallis spp.||Kidney failure. Toxicity varies depending on the variety, Stella D’oro being reported as the most toxic.||Daylily|
|Heracleum maximum||Photosensitization developing into dermal inflamation and ulcers, ocular toxicity||Cow Parsnip, Giant Hogweed|
|Hibiscus syriacus||Vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, anorexia||Hibiscus Shrub, Rose of China, Rose of Sharon|
|Hippeastrum spp.||Vomiting, salivation, diarrhea. Large amounts can cause convulsions, tremors, low blood pressure, and cardiac arrhythmias. Bulbs are the most toxic.||Amaryllis, Barbados Lily, Fire Lily, Lily of the Palace, Ridderstjerne|
|Hosta sp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression||Funkia, Hosta, Plantain Lily|
|Hyacinthus orientalis||Vomiting, diarrhea, and dermatitis. Bulbs are the most toxic.||Hyacinth|
|Hydrangea arborescens||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, cyanide intoxication (rare)||Hills of Snow, Hortensia, Hydrangea, Seven Bark|
|Hypericum perforatum||Chemical sunburn on light and unpigmented skin, dermatitis, itching, skin ulcers||Goatweed, Klamath Weed, St-John’s Wort|
|Ilex aquifolium||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression. Stems are the most toxic.||English Holly, European Holly, Inkberry, Oregon Holly, Winterberry|
|Ilex opaca||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression. Stems are the most toxic.||American Holly, European Holly, Inkberry, Oregon Holly, Winterberry|
|Ipomea batatas||Diarrhea, hallucinations||Sweet Potato Vine|
|Ipomea spp.||Gastrointestinal upset, agitation, tremors, disorientation, ataxia, and anorexia. Seeds are the most toxic, and may cause hallucinations.||Morning Glory|
|Iris sp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, salivation, and lethargy. Rhizomes are the most toxic.||Bearded Iris, Flag Iris, Iris, Snake Lily, Water Snake|
|Kalanchoe tubiflora||Vomiting, diarrhea, abnormal heart rhythm (rare)||Chandelier Plant, Devil’s Backbone, Kalanchoe, Mother-In-Law Plant, Mother of Millions|
|Lantana camara||Vomiting, diarrhea, labored breathing, weakness, liver failure (rare)||Lantana, Red Sage, Shrub Verbena, Yellow Sage|
|Lathyrus latifolius||Weakness, lethargy, pacing, head pressing, tremors, seizures, death||Everlasting Pea, Perennial Pea, Sweet Pea|
|Leucothoe davisiae, sp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, cardiovascular collapse, hypersalivation, weakness, low blood pressure, coma, death. Ingestion of a few leaves is enough to cause serious problems.||Black Laurel, Dog Hobble, Dog Laurel, Fetter Bush, Sierra Laurel|
|Ligustrum japonicum, vulgare||Gastrointestinal upset, incoordination, increased heart rate, death (rare)||Amur, Common Privet, Privet, Wax-leaf|
|Lilium asiatica||Vomiting, inappetence, lethargy, kidney failure, death||Asiatic Lily|
|Lilium longiflorum||Vomiting, inapetence, lethargy, kidney failure, death||Easter Lily|
|Lilium orientalis||Vomiting, inapetence, lethargy, kidney failure, death||Oriental Lily|
|Lilium tigrinum||Vomiting, inapetence, lethargy, kidney failure, death||Tiger Lily|
|Lilium speciosum||Vomiting, inapetence, lethargy, kidney failure, death||Japanese Show Lily, Rubrum Lily|
|Lilium sp.||Kidney failure||Lily|
|Lilum umbellatum||Vomiting, inappetence, lethargy, kidney failure, death||Red Lily, Wild Lily, Wood Lily|
|Lobelia cardinalis||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, excessive salivation, abdominal pain, heart rhythm disturbance||Cardinal Flower, Indian Pink, Lobelia|
|Lycopersicon spp.||Diarrhea, hypersalivation, inappetence, severe gastrointestinal upset, drowsiness, CNS depression, confusion, behavioral change, weakness, dilated pupils, slow heart rate||Tomato Plant|
|Lyona sp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, cardiovascular collapse, hypersalivation, weakness, low blood pressure, coma, death. Ingestion of a few leaves is enough to cause serious problems.||Fetterbush, Maleberry, Staggerberry|
|Malus sylvestris||Brick red mucous membrane, panting, difficulty breathing, dilated pupils, shock. Stems and leaves particularly dangerous when wilting. The seeds are also toxic.||Apples and crabapples|
|Melia azedarach||Diarrhea, vomiting, salivation, depression, weakness, seizures. Berries are the most toxic.||Bead Tree, China Ball Tree, Chinaberry Tree, Japanese Bead Tree, Paradise Tree, Persian Lilac, Pride-of-India, Texas Umbrella Tree, White Cedar|
|Monstera deliciosa||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Ceriman, Cutleaf Philodendron, Hurricane Plant, Mexican Breadfruit, Mother-in-Law, Swiss Cheese Plant|
|Nandina domestica||Weakness, incoordination, seizures, respitory failure, coma, and death (rare).||Heavenly Bamboo, Nandina, Sacred Bamboo|
|Narcissus spp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, salivation, convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors, cardiac arrythmia. Bulbs are the most toxic.||Daffodil, Jonquil, Narcissus, Paperwhite|
|Nerium oleander||Diarrhea (possibly bloody), colic, sweating, incoordination, shallow/difficult breathing, muscle tremors, recumbency, and possible death from cardiac arrest. All parts highly toxic.||Oleander, Rose-Bay|
|Nicotiana glauca||Vomiting, hyperexcitability followed by depression, incoordination, paralysis, possibly death||Flowering Tobacco, Mustard Tree, Nicotiana, Tobacco, Tree Tobacco|
|Oxalis spp.||Colic, possible kidney failure if large quantities are ingested.||Good Luck Plant, Shamrock, Sorrel|
|Paeonia officinalis||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression||Peony|
|Pelargonium sp.||Vomiting, anorexia, depression, dermatitis||(Annual) Geranium|
|Persea americana||Vomiting, diarrhea. Also toxic to birds and rabbits.||Alligator Pear, Avocado|
|Petroselinum crispum||Photosensitization, Occular toxcicity||Spring Parsley|
|Philodendron bipennifolium||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Cordatum, Fiddle-Leaf, Fruit Salad Plant, Heartleaf Philodendron, Horseshoe Philodendron, Panda Plant, Red Emerald, Red Princess, Saddle Leaf, Split Leaf Philodendron|
|Philodendron oxycardium||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Cordatum, Fiddle-Leaf, Fruit Salad Plant, Heartleaf Philodendron, Horseshoe Philodendron, Panda Plant, Red Emerald, Red Princess, Saddle Leaf, Split Leaf Philodendron|
|Philodendron selloum||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Lacy Tree Philodendron|
|Phoradendron flavescens||Vomiting, diarrhea, low blood pressure (rare), gastrointestinal disorders, erratic behavior, cardiovascular collapse, dyspnea (shortness of breath),cardiac arrhythmia||American Mistletoe|
|Pieris japonica||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, hypersalivation, weakness, coma, low blood pressure, cardiovascular collapse, death. Ingestion of a few leaves is enough to cause serious problems.||Japanese Andromeda, Pieris, Lily-of-the-Valley Bush|
|Podocarpus macrophylla||Severe vomiting and diarrhea||Buddhist Pine, Japanese Yew, Podocarpus, Southern Yew, Yew Pine|
|Podophyllum peltatum||Vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, panting, coma (rare), dermal redness, skin ulcers||American Mandrake, Duck’s Foot, Hog Apple, Indian Apple Root, Mayapple, Racoonberry, Umbrella Leaf, Wild Lemon|
|Poinciana gilliesii||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, difficulty swallowing, incoordination. Deadly to rabbits.||Barbados Pride, Bird of Paradise, Brazilwood, Poinciana|
|Polyscias guilfoylei||Vomiting, anorexia, depression, contact dermatitis||Aralia guilfoylei, Coffee Tree, Geranium-Leaf Aralia, Wild Coffee Tree|
|Portulaca oleracea||Tremors, salivation, kidney failure||Moss Rose, Pigwee, Purslane, Pusley, Portulaca, Rock Moss|
|Primula vulgaris||Mild vomiting||Primrose|
|Prunus armeniaca||Brick red mucous membrane, panting, difficulty breathing, dilated pupils, shock. Stems and leaves particularly dangerous when wilting. The seeds are also toxic.||Apricot|
|Prunus avium||Brick red mucous membrane, panting, difficulty breathing, dilated pupils, shock. Stems and leaves particularly dangerous when wilting. The seeds are also toxic.||Sweet Cherry|
|Prunus cerasus||Sour Cherry|
|Prunus domestica||Damson, European Plum, Gage, Prune|
|Prunus salicina||Japanese Plum|
|Ranunculus acris||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, anorexia, hypersalivation, wobbly gait||Burwort, Buttercup, Butter Cress, Crowfoot Burwort, Figwort|
|Ranunculus sp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, anorexia, hypersalivation, wobbly gait||Buttercup, Butter Cress, Figwort,|
|Rheum rhabarbarium||Salivation, tremors, kidney failure||Pie Plant, Rhubarb|
|Rhododendron spp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, hypersalivation, weakness, coma, hypotension, CNS depression, cardiovascular collapse, death. Ingestion of a few leaves is enough to cause serious problems.||Azalea, Rhododendron, Rosebay|
|Ricinus communis||Highly toxic – ingestion of less than an ounce can be lethal. Loss of appetite, excessive thirst, weakness, colic, trembling, sweating, loss of coordination, difficulty breathing, fever, bloody diarrhea, convulstions, coma. Seeds contain the most toxins.||African Wonder Tree, Castor Bean, Mole Bean Plant|
|Robinia sp.||Loss of appetite, depression, stupor, weakness with rear end paralysis, laminitis, coldness of the extremities, dilated pupils, difficulty breathing, weak irregular pulse, and diarrhea (may be bloody). Stems, bark, and young shoots are the most toxic.||Locust|
|Rumex sp.||Tremors, salivation, kidney failure||Dock, Sorrel|
|Sansevieria trifasciata||Vomiting, diarrhea, nausea||Golden Bird’s Nest, Good Luck Plant, Mother-in-Law’s Tongue, Snake Plant|
|Scindapsus aureus||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Golden Pothos, Marble Queen|
|Scindapsus pictus||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Satin Pothos, Silk Pothos|
|Schefflera actinophylla||Mild vomiting and diarrhea||Australian Ivy Palm, Brassaia actynophylla, Octopus Tree, Schefflera, Starleaf, Umbrella Tree|
|Senecio sp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, depression, ataxia, weight loss, weakness, sleepiness, yawning, incoordination, yellowish discolouration to mucous membranes, aimless walking, chewing motions, head pressing, liver damage, and liver failure. Symptoms can progress rapidly over a few days.||Golden Ragwort, Grounsel, Ragwort|
|Solanum dulcamara||Vomiting, diarrhea, drowsiness, low blood pressure, low heart rate||Blue Blindweed, Blue Nightshade, Climbing Nightshade, Deadly Nightshade, Devil’s Apple, European Bittersweet, Felonwort, Poisonous Nightshade, Scarlet Berry, Soda Apple, Violet Bloom, Woody Nightshade|
|Solanum nigrum, spp.||Hypersalivation, innapetence, severe gastrointestinal upset, diarrhea, drowsiness, CNS depression, confusion, behavioral change, weakness, dilated pupils, slow heart rate||Black Nightshade, Deadly Nightshade, Nightshade|
|Solanum pseudocapsium||Gastrointestinal disturbances, possible ulcuration of the gastrointestinal system, depression, seizures, respitory depression, shock||Jerusalem Cherry, Natal Cherry, Ornamental Pepper, Winter Cherry|
|Spathiphyllum sp.||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Madonna Lily, Mauna Loa Peace Lily, Peace Lily|
|Sphenosciadium capitellatum||Photosensitization, Occular toxcicity||Ranger’s Button, White Heads|
|Strelitzia reginae||Nausea, vomiting, drowsiness. Fruit and seed most toxic.||Bird of Paradise Flower, Bird’s Tongue Flower, Crane Flower|
|Symplocarpus foetidus||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Meadow Cabbage, Polecat Weed, Skunk Cabbage, Skunk Weed, Swamp Cabbage|
|Syngonium podophyllum||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||African Evergreen, Arrow-Head Vine, Green Gold Naphtysis, Nephtytis|
|Tulipa sp.||Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, and hypersalivation. Bulbs are the most toxic.||Tulip|
|Taxus baccata, brevifolia, sp.||Tremors, difficulty breathing, vomiting, sudden death from acute heart failure. Berries the most toxic.||Anglo-Japanse Yew, English Yew, Japanese Yew, Pacific Yew, Western Yew|
|Taxus canidensus||Tremors, difficulty breathing, vomiting, sudden death from acute heart failure. Berries the most toxic.||American Yew|
|Thevetia peruviana||Vomiting, diarrhea, slow heart rate||Yellow Oleander|
|Wisteria sp.||Vomiting (sometimes bloody), diarrhea, depression||Wisteria|
|Yucca sp.||Vomiting, diarrhea||Adam’s Needle, Yucca|
|Zamia furfuraceae||Vomiting, melena, icterus, increased thirst, hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, bruising, coagulopathy, liver damage, liver failure, death||Cardboard Palm, Cycads, Zamias|
|Zamia pumila||Vomiting, melena, icterus, increased thirst, hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, bruising, coagulopathy, liver damage, liver failure, death||Cardboard Palm, Coontie Palm, Cycads, Sago Palm, Zamias|
|Zanthedeschia aethiopica||Oral irritation, intense burning of the mouth, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing||Arum Lily, Calla Lily, Florist’s Calla, Garden Calla, Pig Lily, Trumpet Lily, White Arum|