Conditions for growing vegetables
- Full sun (at least 6-8 hours of sunlight)
- Soil with high organic and nutrient content – use manure or compost in your soil mixture; you may also want to add fertilizer to the mixture
- Constant watering
- Frequent weeding so that moisture and nutrients are not taken away from vegetable
How to start vegetables
Some vegetables like tomatoes, peppers and cucumbers should be started early indoors or you can buy the plant in the spring at your local garden centre.
Peas and beans are fast growers and can be started from seed.
Root vegetables such as carrots, turnips and potatoes can only be started from seed or tubers.
To prolong the harvest, you can choose different varieties of the same vegetable for planting.
- Provide frost protection when necessary
- Some vegetables may require support; for instance, tomatoes do get top heavy and will need staking or a tomato cage and peas like to have netting for support.
- Thin seedlings so that the healthiest and strongest plants survive.
If you only have a small area or a balcony and have sufficient sunlight, an alternative is to plant vegetables in containers. Here are a few tips on container vegetable gardening.
- Pots need to be at least 20cm to accommodate most vegetables.
- A lightweight soil such as PROMIX ™ will provide the aeration that the plant needs to avoid fungal disease and root rot.
- Drainage should be provided either by putting holes or small stones on the bottom of the pot.
Vegetables that are commonly planted in containers:
- Pole beans
- Bush beans
- Peas (staked)
- Tomatoes (staked)